The symptoms they cause are: sudden decrease in vision, redness in the eye or around the eye that persists after two days, continuous sensitivity to light, eye discharge, persistent pain, fever, nausea or vomiting, sudden increase in floating particles or blinking lights. Many patients with cataracts experience “unwanted visual images” after surgery, also known as diphotopsy. Glare, halos, and light streaks are examples of positive dysphotopia. They occur most often at night or in low light, and are more common with multifocal lenses.
These effects may be more noticeable between surgery on the first and second eyes. Residual refractive error can also cause positive dysphotopsia, and the correct prescription of eyeglasses will correct this. Other times, PCO may be the culprit and YAG laser treatment may resolve the problem. A dilated eye exam is done when the eye doctor places eye drops to widen or dilate the pupils.
Then, using a special magnifying glass, the eye doctor will examine the eyes for signs of damage or other problems. Specifically, the doctor will check the lens for signs of cloudiness, which indicates the presence of cataracts. The pupils may remain quite dilated after the exam, which can cause your near vision to be blurred for several hours. The doctor will likely give you special sunglasses to help protect your eyes while they are dilated.
Retinal detachment can occur weeks or months after surgery, most commonly in people who are very nearsighted or after complicated surgery with loss of vitreous tissue. . During cataract surgery with a small incision, the eye doctor will remove the cataract, but leave the outer layer of the lens intact. Treating cataracts without surgery may be possible, so you'll always want to talk to your doctor first about all your options.
Some people with cataracts may never need surgery if the problem doesn't affect their vision. The recovery time from cataract surgery will depend on the severity of the condition and how well the operation went. Normally, cataract surgery can be done as an outpatient procedure, meaning you won't have to stay in the hospital afterwards. Sensitivity to bright lights is a side effect of cataracts, but it can also occur as a result of cataract surgery.
Posterior capsular opacification (PCO) (the figure occurs in 10% of patients after two years and is the most common reason for additional intervention after cataract surgery). Modern cataract surgery creates a capsular pouch containing part of the anterior capsule, the entire posterior capsule, and the implanted intraocular lens. Although most cataract surgery recoveries take place without any problems, there are some cases where this is not the case. Other complications that may contribute to glaucoma after cataract surgery may include infections, swelling, redness, or bleeding.
It's known that vision naturally declines with age, and it may be a coincidence that you need glasses after cataract surgery. Usually, a person with cataracts will need to undergo surgery once the condition worsens so much that it affects their vision and activities of daily living. We'll also discuss the causes of cataracts, how to prevent them from occurring, and the 19 warning signs and symptoms of cataract surgery complications. You may need glasses after surgery, and this may or may not be related to your cataracts.