Having cataracts is not easy, and you need to consider several factors when deciding whether to have cataract surgery.
Depending on your specific condition, it may be possible to postpone cataract surgery for several reasons. However, it would be best if you took this decision seriously because you will lose the benefit of a more precise vision which could also increase your risk of complications.
Increases risk of complications
The natural lens is removed and replaced with an intraocular lens during cataract surgery. While this procedure is considered safe for most people, complications may occur. These complications include vision loss, eye pain, and infection. Fortunately, most of these complications can be treated. However, some complications can be severe.
According to recent studies, several factors contribute to an increased risk of complications after cataract surgery. These factors include a patient's age, sex, and gender. Another factor is the surgeon. Some surgeons may be more likely to perform surgery on more complicated cases.
Other factors that may increase the risk of complications include pre-existing proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Patients with this condition are at risk of complications because of an altered immune system. Moreover, patients who have diabetes can experience increased pressure in their eyes, which can be related to other eye problems.
There are also risks associated with using a silicone intraocular lens. The presence of silicone in the intraocular lens can increase the risk of endophthalmitis. In addition, patients who have a previous history of Fuchs' dystrophy are at risk for retinal detachment.
Another complication that can happen during cataract surgery is a posterior capsule tear. This tear can lead to an infection or retinal detachment. Symptoms of a tear may include pain, a red eye, and a significant discharge from the operated eye. If you notice any signs of a tear, see your doctor immediately. The complication is treatable with antibiotic drops.
Another complication that can occur during cataract surgery is a leaky incision. This can occur when the cornea becomes swollen. If the incision is leaky, sutures may be used to seal the incision. Bandage contact lenses may also be used to help treat the wound.
The risk of complications after cataract surgery may be reduced by using local anesthesia, which is faster to heal than general anesthesia. Using local anesthesia also decreases the costs of the procedure.
The use of topical anesthesia may also decrease the risk of severe complications. In addition, the use of antibiotics and eye drops can help prevent inflammation and swelling.
During the recovery time after cataract surgery, patients must avoid several activities, including driving, heavy lifting, and strenuous activities. These activities can make the eye more sensitive to light and can lead to complications. In addition, patients may experience mild discomfort or irritation. These side effects will disappear after a few days.
If you are planning to drive right after cataract surgery, have someone take you home. It would help if you avoided certain activities, such as swimming, saunas, and hot tubs.
In the first few days after surgery, you may experience mild discomfort or irritation in your eye. You should report any symptoms to your eye surgeon. They may prescribe eyedrops to help reduce pain. If you are experiencing any symptoms of severe discomfort, you should contact your ophthalmologist immediately.
You will need to wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from the light. In addition, you should avoid heavy lifting, which can add pressure to your head and cause the incision to open. During the healing process, you may experience wavy vision. This isn't very common, but it should clear up after an hour.
After surgery, you should avoid strenuous activities for at least a week. This will allow your eyes to adjust. During this time, you may also experience blurry vision. However, some patients report clear vision after a few days.
It is also recommended that you use medicated eye drops to reduce inflammation in the eye and prevent infection. You will be prescribed these drops for at least two weeks. In addition, you should wear the patches you were given during the healing process. You should also keep your eyes clean and dry and avoid rubbing or touching them.
Your doctor will also give you a prescription for protective masks for sleeping. You must also avoid alcohol for at least 24 hours before your surgery.
You should wear sunglasses and eye drops for at least two weeks after your cataract surgery. If you have light sensitivity, wear a protective mask at night to keep your eyes from becoming too sensitive.