The pre-operation phase is the first step in cataract surgery. During this stage, your doctor will perform a comprehensive eye exam to determine if you are a good candidate for the procedure. This includes measuring your eye pressure, checking your vision, and examining your retina. Depending on the complexity of your case, this stage can take anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour.
The operation itself is usually done under local or topical anesthesia. During this stage, your surgeon will make a small incision in the eye and insert an artificial lens made of plastic or acrylic. The entire process usually takes about 15 minutes.
After the surgery, you will need to wear a protective shield for a few days to prevent scratching. You will also be given a unique set of eye drops to use for the next four weeks. This should help alleviate the swelling and discomfort in the eye.
Your doctor will also inform you how to move around safely and avoid straining your eyes. You may also be given a clear shield to wear at night. It is best to keep your eyes closed at night and avoid looking at anything for 24 to 48 hours.
Your doctor may prescribe new glasses. You may also be given fresh power for your glasses. The new lens will close the opening in the eye.
The eye drops you received during the surgery will help to dilate the pupil. However, they may need help to dilate the pupil sufficiently.
In most cases, your surgeon will recommend wearing sunglasses to protect your eyes from bright light. Also, use a pair of eyeglasses to help you drive.
Having cataract surgery can affect your daily life. It can make it difficult to do everyday activities such as driving, reading, and performing other tasks. However, it is safe and will improve your vision.
The time it takes for your eyes to heal after surgery depends on a few factors. Most people will notice some improvement in their vision within a few days. But, a complete healing process will take about eight weeks. This includes the time for your eye to adjust to its new lens.
When you have cataract surgery, you will be given specific post-care instructions. These instructions should be followed to reduce your infection risk and help your eye heal.
During the first week after surgery, you should avoid eye contact. You will also be prescribed eye drops to prevent infections. You will also be instructed to rest and avoid rubbing your eye. You will also want to wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from bright lights.
The first few days after cataract surgery, your eyes may be red or bloodshot. This may be a temporary result of damage to the blood vessels. However, the redness should subside within a few days.
In conclusion, cataract surgery is a safe and effective way to improve vision and reduce symptoms associated with cataracts. The operation time depends on several factors but typically takes 15 minutes or less. Afterward, it can take up to two months for full recovery and healing.