As an expert in the field of ophthalmology, I am often asked if cataract surgery is painful. The answer is no, cataract surgery is not painful. However, it is important to prepare for the procedure and understand what to expect during and after the surgery.
Preparing for Surgery
Having cataract surgery can be a stressful experience, so it's best to prepare for the procedure as much as possible. This includes taking the proper medications and avoiding certain activities. For instance, you may be instructed to avoid eating solid foods for six hours before surgery. Your eye doctor
may also recommend avoiding certain medications or alcoholic beverages for twenty-four hours before surgery. You may also be prescribed an eye drop to relieve pain or reduce your risk of infection. You will also be given a shield to cover your eye while healing. You may also be instructed to take an A-scan to measure your eye size. These tests are designed to find the best lens implant for your eyes. In addition to the eye doctor's usual tests, you may also be prescribed special eye drops to improve your chances of successful cataract surgery. These may be accompanied by a protective mask for your eyes while you sleep. You may also be advised to avoid heavy lifting or bending for a week. You should also prepare a list of medicines and supplements. These should include prescription medications as well as over-the-counter medications. You should also arrange a ride home after the surgery and plan to take at least two days off from work. The time out will depend on your job and the healing process. It would help if you also planned to attend follow-up appointments with your eye doctor regularly to ensure your eyes are healing correctly.
During the Procedure
During cataract surgery, a small incision is made in the cornea, which allows the surgeon to insert various tools into the eye. The incision may be made with a manual blade or a computer-guided femtosecond laser. The same incision is used to insert an artificial lens. Some patients experience a hazy cornea after cataract surgery, which is usually temporary and will clear up in a few days. To treat cloudy vision, the ophthalmologist may prescribe eye drops. Another common symptom is eye sensitivity to light. The light may appear red or bright, or it may seem as if there is sand in the eye. The eye may also look bloodshot. A steroid shot behind the eye may be beneficial if these symptoms persist. A small probe is inserted through the incision to break up the cataract and then an artificial lens implant is inserted through the same incision to fix vision, but it may also be uncomfortable. The second type of probe is inserted through the same incision to suck out pieces of the cataract-damaged lens, which is known as phacoemulsification and takes less than 15 minutes and is usually painless. There is also a tiny speculum that holds the eyes open gently while the surgeon performs cataract surgery, which is not painful either.